Dholavira- The evidence of lost Harappa Civilization!
Chetabadi or what we say black magic in India is not a new trend. Villages like Mayong from long back shows historical roots of black magic in the country. Sorcery connection with the human civilization can be deeply traced by the variety of cultures we live in. But do you know about the oldest town of human civilization where black magic found its root from? Let us introduce you all to an ancient citadel with dry wells and eccentric scripts- Dholavira! Dholavira is a magical ghost town in India showcasing a civilization that thrived millennia ago at the land. Who doesn’t know about Mohenjo Daro and Harappa? Well, the Dholavira town existed in Harappa only centuries back. But this town too has been encircled with dozens of mysteries that still are left in the dark. So let’s take this magical journey of the mysterious town and look at some of the most fascinating facts of it!
Remains of Harappan Civilization- Dholavira
Situated on the Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District, in the state of Gujarat in western India, lies a small towns that beholds witness to the world’s ancient civilization that is the Harappan civilization. Saying it a town would not be very appropriate as today it’s more of an archaeologist site where the residue of Harappa can be located. But some 4000 years back Dholavira was indeed the grandest of the city at the time. Dholavira actually belongs to the late Indus Valley Civilization. The place was first discovered by an archaeologist JP Joshi in 1956, however, the disinterment at Dholavira started only 35 years later under RS Bhisht from Archaeologist Survey of India. Spread over an area of 100 hectares, Dholavira brings out some of the most fascinating aspects such as its continuous evolution. It belongs to the 3rd millennium BCE to the middle of 2nd millennium BCE, which is from 2650 BCE to 1450 BCE. It constitute of total seven stages which depicts the rise and fall of Harappan civilization. Dholavira was seen as a sophisticated city which was beautifully planned with a proper water system that states that they were the most advanced civilization of that era. The town gives an insight to the archaeologist about the life at Harappan civilization. Some evidence also suggest that the town was deeply associated with black magic, however no theory has been put forth regarding the same.
The city is surrounded by huge walls which measures up to almost 20 mts in just thickness. The citadel was divided in two parts- the middle town and the lower town. It gives an important information about how the society was stratified during the time. Left to the citadel lies a huge place that must be used for public gatherings or meeting, it has a more stadium like structure where ancient sitting arrangements can easily be traced. Just beyond that is a market which was used for the exchange of goods. Houses were built with proper drainage system which is a huge discovery of the time. A regular house at Dholavira has maximum of 4 rooms including an open courtyard, kitchen and a bathroom. One amusing plus mysterious part of Dholavira is its wooden sign board. Yes! The City’s signboard is made up of 10 interestingly weird letters of Harappan script which even today remains untranslated. The letters inscribed on the boards seems to be almost 3 meters long! This is actually the longest Indus inscriptions ever known. God knows what really these letters made up to!
Apart from all such achievements, the water management system of Dholavira remains on the top! Which is also the major reason why a city was able to thrive at Rann of Kutch which is said to be the world’s largest salt reservoir. The amazing part of it is that how the city saddle fresh water creating a compound and effectual water management that ensures affluence to Dholavira. The Channels and reservoir of this water management systems are made up of stones that describes the intelligence of mastermind behind the initiative. These total of 16 water reservoir were even bigger than the Great bath of Mohenjodaro! The studies shows that the city was divided into 3 parts and each part has an underground water tank which further connects to the water channels. And this is the only reason why Dholavira not only thrived but harvested.
But despite having such brilliant techniques the city also faced its collapse. Many theories suggest that it was due to climate change caused by tectonic movements that destroyed this beautiful town. By the mid of 2nd millennia BCE, all the cities of Indus Valley Civilization were either collapsed or abandoned. Due to this, the place turned dryer day by day and thus the residents were left with no other choice than to move. Archeologist Shinde says that the residents moved and got mixed with the Deccan and Malwa Plateau. Some people also merged with OCP culture of India. And this transition soon got absorbed so hard that once a thriving land of Dholavira is now nothing than the residue of Harappan civilization. Because most of the Harappan script remained deciphered, the actual happening at the time is still not known to us.