How Sanskrit evolved? the complete timeline
The world today holds witness to uncountable number of languages. In India itself, there are 19,500 languages or dialects spoken in mother tongue! So, it’s not hard to wonder how many of them exist in this world. Some census shows there are total 7000 languages spoken all over the world, but we very well know that’s not precise. Though there origin comes mainly from 22 ancient languages one of them being Sanskrit. All these languages are from different language families and dates centuries back.
For a long period of time, people used primitive sounds and signs as the means of communication. These precisely structured and organized language was primarily seen in scriptures that were written almost 10,000 years ago! While according to linguists the languages age should be determined by the first time it was initially written in texts form and used further. Since all such languages are more than ten thousand years old, the total numbers for oldest languages around the world can be predicted. Some of these are already lost while the rest still exist for a specific reason, though others remained in use even after the number of speakers was reduced drastically. This was majorly about the origin of languages, so now let’s know about how these lingual evolved and reproduced.
The evolution of Sanskrit language
यथा चतुर्भिः कनकं परीक्ष्यते निर्घषणच्छेदन तापताडनैः। तथा चतुर्भिः पुरुषः परीक्ष्यते त्यागेन शीलेन गुणेन कर्मणा। Chanakya Slokas.
According to a report by UNESCO, India’s language diversity Index is 0.93 that makes the country stand on 9th position in having most diverse range of languages. Do you know that for almost one billion people in India, there are 22 official languages, 234 known mother tongues, almost 600 dialects, 6 major languages family and about 66 scripts!? After the national language Hindi, which is spoken by around 41.02% of the population of India, Bengali with 8% speakers is the second most commonly spoken lingual of the nation. Different from European languages, Indian languages do not seek much swap when measured in terms of dissemination. So, it can be said that we are a hub of different lingual which changed by each street we cross!
Coming back to Sanskrit language, the roots can be traced back to around 14th-15th BCE. This is evident by the number of Vedas written in Sanskrit. It is not just India’s oldest language but also one of the world’s oldest language. Sanskrit language has a profound influence on many languages around the globe and strong convey of the impact of time! For many years, Sanskrit remained the basic knowledge bearing lingual of India, as it not just showed how people communicated with each other but also reflected the culture of the country. It is the largest body of literature which has seen continuous evolution by time yet managed to stay intact till today.
“About five to 30 million extant manuscripts – that is 100 times those in Greek and Latin combined – have been written in Sanskrit.” according to Dr. Scharf.
Paninian is also related to Sanskrit, as the major part of Paninian grammar resembles the Sanskrit Grammar, thus many linguistics studies Sanskrit before going for the Paninian. Long after the time when Prakrit became the chosen language of writing and communicating, Sanskrit appeared as the lingual of choice after the downfall of the Mauryan Empire. This happened because Prakrit kept on changing and thus lost its significance with time. Sanskrit ruled the nation from 10th century to today! This proved that the majority of after developed lingual in India resembles with the Sanskrit. Grapple that Sanskrit was not aboriginal such as all the other came from Africa. All modern languages of India draw about 50% from Sanskrit, with Malayalam and Kannada making on the top!
“Sanskrit is of wonderful structure, more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin and more exquisitely refined than either.” said William Jones back in 1788.
Sanskrit is definitely the parent of many languages in India, more specifically languages spoken in North Indian regions. Do you know that many words from Dravidian languages are also derived from Sanskrit language? Many earliest kinds of literatures such as the Vedas, Upanishads, Epics, Shastras, and the Puranas with books made on Medicine, astronomy, astrology, or Mathematics during that time were all written in Sanskrit language. Sanskrit also has many similarities among the Latin and Greek lingual.
The traditions, Civilization, and harvest of eastern nations were all well designate by Sanskrit which was evolved before such nations didn’t had their own specific language. The grammar and phonetics of Sanskrit are most of the neurons of the human body get operate by. Fortunately that’s the reason, Sanskrit is a part of syllabus in many schools around the world! Authors from the Idyllic period of back 18th century to the modern times have always paid accolade to the vividness of Sanskrit and its benefaction to enhancement of comprehensive literature.