nuclear bombing

How to survive a nuclear bombing?

What do you expect about a nuclear bombing? On 6 and 9 August 1945, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki leaving behind only debris and cries that still echo through the city even today. The nuclear blast killed 129,000 and 226,000 people, most of whom were innocent civilians. Though the radiation in Hiroshima and Nagasaki today is on a par with the extremely low levels of background radiation, there was a time when the atmosphere remained radioactive for years.

Given the current state of affairs and greed for a superpower, it’s not hard to imagine that history might repeat itself. Nuclear war is a nightmare but people can still be killed with a click of a button. So, what would you do if such a situation unfolds once again? Studies show that you can survive a nuclear blast even if you are close to the blast radius. About 70% population of both the cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki survived the blast. Many live with severe complications but they lived. This gives us hope- there is still a chance of survival in a catastrophe. 

What you can do to survive a nuclear bombing?

If you’re not in the blast zone, chances are you’ll survive, but only with smart measures. To understand this, it is important to know that a nuclear blast comes in six stages. At first, there is a bright flash of light followed by strong heat waves, the release of nuclear radiation, fireball, blast in air, and finally the most brutal- radioactive fallout. This all happens very quickly, thus acting on time is crucial.

Even if there are six stages, you should never wait for the next stage when faced with such a situation. Don’t act on impulse instead follow one rule- Stay Inside’. Yes, you read that right. One could question- how can we survive inside a house in a warzone? Won’t it topple down? Your concerns are right, however, the best shelter you can get at that point is a strong huge building.

According to the experts, the basic threshold of time between a warning and an attack is approximately 12 minutes. Within these minutes, find a huge building with a bunker. If that’s not available, run to the center floor of the building and lock yourself inside. Shut all the doors, windows, and ventilators and if have time on hand, pack them with wooden frames, steel utensils, or anything strong enough to stop the shock waves. If there is a situation where there are no initial warnings, and you are exposed to a sudden blast, make sure to hit the ground and cover yourself up with anything you find strong enough at the moment. Don’t look at the initial bright flash of light as it may blind you for a few seconds or minutes and lower your chances of survival.

nuclear bombing

Next is to stay like that until the heat waves have crossed you. The blast could create a fireball capable of decimating a few buildings and blocks. Tragically, nothing can be done to save yourself if you are in a fireball radius, however, if you are not- you can still survive. The shockwaves could travel several kilometers after the fireball in just a few seconds. Once you find absolute silence and feel the air not contaminated enough to breathe- RUN. Don’t just stand there, as the most detrimental effect of a nuclear bombing doesn’t come with an initial blast, instead, the radioactive waves followed later. If you survive the initial blast sheltering inside a building, and the building isn’t too damaged to be an immediate threat—stay inside it.

If you are out, find a shelter as soon as possible, go inside any building, bunker, house, or shelter you found unbroken. Finding shelter is important if the fireball happens close to the earth, as it will put thousands of tons of debris and dirt up in the air. As the fireball cools, unstable atoms created by the nuclear fusion with mix with the debris and produce the most dangerous long terms effects of a nuclear blast- Radioactive particles called Fallout start dropping. The approx time you’ll have between a fireball and fallout is 15 minutes at max. Run to a shelter and shut yourself in, the best is to stay at the mid floor of a strong building as the fallout will mostly either stick to the ground or the roof of the shelter.

nuclear bombing

Once you are inside- don’t hesitate! take off your clothes as soon as possible, put them inside a plastic bag, and throw it away as far as possible. Next, take a shower, rinse your body thoroughly with soap and water, shampoo your hairs but make sure not to condition as it may hold fallout inside your hairs. The longer you’re in contact with radioactive particles, the more they’ll absorb in your body. You don’t know where the contamination is outside, and for the first few days it could be dangerously high levels of radioactivity, and thus staying inside is the solution. Even if you think that everything is calm and it is safe to step out DONT. Since fallout gives half of its energy in the first hour and 80% of it in a day- staying inside for 24 hours can dramatically improve your chances to survive without any ill effects.

If your shelter is broken or someone inside is injured, take first aid measures but plan to step out only after an hour as immediate exposure can result in fatal for the injured as well as you. Staying inside is the only way to save yourself amid catastrophe. Since a nuclear explosion would disrupt the internet, electricity as well as mobile phones connectivity- most of the radios will survive and work. Stay tuned to them for more information from the first responders.

Thus, if you want to survive through the world’s most fatal man-made catastrophe- the only solution is staying inside. And though we hope that you wouldn’t need any of such advice in the future, still being prepared can reduce a lot of damage.

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