India’s longest running case- Ayodhya

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Ayodhya

The verdict of India’s longest running religio-political case has been finally ruled out. A bench of five judges led by CJI Ranjan Gagoi, on Saturday morning put an end to the breeding land of what we call modern day dispute. The results was unprejudiced- favouring both, the Hindu’s as well as Muslim’s and discarding any right to those seeking possession of the property.  One fascinating thing about the case was that, since it started, the only thing it has maintained to keep was communal violence. No doubt this was the major reason why there was high alert in the country on the day of judgement, but what we saw was no hatred, no violence and a complete harmony. The first time in the history of the disputed land, the nation witnessed complete peace on the most crucial day of the case. So if you are a laymen, this is the quick recap for you.

The Ayodhya case timeline:

In 1528, Mir Baqi, the chief commander of the Mughal emperor Babur, build the mosque what came to be known as Babri Masjid. For the next few centuries, Muslims continued to follow their rituals whereas on the other hand the Hindu’s were claiming that the commander had demolished a Mandir to build a mosque. According to the Hindu’s the mosque was built at the exact same location where lord Rama was born, this is why they referred the land as Ram Janambhoomi. In 1885, Mahant Raghubar Das filed a suit in Faizabad district court to build a temple at the birthplace of Ram in mosque’s courtyard; but the court later dismissed it. Next 69 years the case found no progress. In 1934, riots took place in Ayodhya where people demolished a portion of the mosque. In 1949, some unidentified men placed the idol of Lord Ram inside the mosque, and this was the turning point of the case. Communal tension rose up and thousands of Ram devotes gathered around the place to witness the scene. Later the authorities have to seize the place after dispute escalated. Two guards were kept to keep an eye, one Hindu and one Muslim, that the lock stays at the place. Then in 1950, Gopal Singh Visharad and Paramahansa Ramachandra Das filed a suit in Faizabad court seeking rights to worship the idols. Their pleas was also dismissed. In 1959, the Nirmohi Akhara filed a suit seeking the possession of the disputed land. Two years later, in 1961, The Sunni Central Waqf Board too files a suit for the possession of the site. In 1986, the court ordered to unlock the gates and open the site for Hindu worshippers. In 1989, Deoki Nandan Agarwal, a retired judge files a suit claiming to represent Ram Lalla Virajman, the Deity. So what we have understood so far is that, three groups were claiming the possession of the site majorly. In 1990, LK Advani took a Yatra across several states of the country and arrived Ayodhya to mobilizing to build the Ram Mandir at the site. On 6th December 1992, a mob of Kar Sevaks demolished the Babri Masjid. This sparked riots at several places claiming lives of almost 2000 people. But on seeing further troubles in 1993, central government promulgated the ordinance. They also sent a reference to Supreme Court to find out whether there was a temple at the spot before constructing Babri Masjid or not. Now all these events together makes up the case where the initial debate turned out to be the country’s longest running case.

In 2002, Allahabad High court began the hearing. A year later in 2003, SC said that there will be no religious activities allowed to be conducted at the site. The archeologist survey of the site submit a report where they found the remains of the older structure at the site. In 2009, Liberan submission submits a report, where top BJP leaders AB Vajpayee, LK Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi along with others were culpable. Later in 2010, the Allahabad high court ordered the division of site into three parts- one for Nirmohi Akhara, one for Sunni Waqf Board and one for Ram Lalla. But the judgement was not very much appreciated by these three parties. In 2011, the SC puts a stay order at the Allahbad court verdict. And the case kept on dragging, not until recently 2019, when the final countdown began. Supreme Court set up a bench of five judges led by Ranjan Gagoi to hear the case. The 40 day hearing, checked the reports thoroughly, heard witnessed as well as defenders. On Saturday, 9Th November 2019, the historic judgment was passed. They cleared way for building Ram Mandir at the site (because of the ACI survey report which states that there was something on the land prior to the construction of the mosque), and directed the Centre to allot 5 acre of land to Sunni Waqf Board to build a mosque at another prominent location of Ayodhya. They also managed to prevent any future Hindu-Muslim clashes.  

What’s the History of Ayodhya?

The city Ayodhya is also known as the legendary or the mythical city. It is said that the city is a birthplace of Lord Ram, the event that took place in Hindu Vedas- RAMAYANA. But legend being a legend, there’s no concrete proof for the same. And this is a thought or a belief that was carried out all along. For years till now- this belief is consistent.

The judgement:

So when we talk about the judgment that was passed- it was the best judgement that can be given over the year’s long controversial case like Ayodhya. Both Muslim’s as well as Hindu’s got land for worshiping. The neutral answers to the case was that an old age home or a school or something similar should be built at the spot- but that would not have been the correct ruling as the clash between the two communities wouldn’t have been resolved completely. By favouring and respecting both believes- the SC has finally managed to put an end to the court room Drama of India’s longest running case.   

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