The thirteenth-century Sun Temple (otherwise called the Black Pagoda), worked in Orissa red sandstone (Khandolite) and dark stone by King Narasimhadeva I (AD 1236-1264) of the Ganga tradition. A World Heritage Site, the sanctuary gives an uncommon take a gander at India’s strict legacy.
The Konark Sun Temple had been worked as probably the best case of Brahmin engineering and convictions. Worked to respect the Sun God, Arka, the sanctuary complex shows the vast riches, ability, and otherworldliness of the Brahmin in Orissa. Hinduism, the world’s most established persistently rehearsed religion, displays a blend of the profoundly grand and the natural sensual in the Konark Temple.
History of Konark Temple:
The Sun Temple was built towards the finish of Odisha’s sanctuary building stage in the thirteenth century by the King Narasimha Deva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty (whose incredible granddad redesigned the Jagannath Temple in Puri). Devoted to Surya the Sun God, it was made as his vast epic chariot with 12 sets of wheels pulled by seven ponies (tragically, just one of the ponies remains).
The sanctuary is accepted to commend the magnificence of the Ganga Dynasty and the lord’s triumph over Muslim leaders of Bengal. Its numerous models portraying war scenes and the lord’s exercises bolster this.
In any case, it stayed a secret about how the sanctuary was worked until the 1960s when an old palm-leaf composition was found. Its full arrangement of 73 leaves extensively chronicled the sanctuary’s arranging and 12 years of development (from 1246 to 1258). The data is recorded in a book, distributed in 1972, called New Light on Sun Temple of Konarka by Alice Boner, S. R. Sarma, and R. P. Das.
What to See at Konark Temple:
The Sun Temple complex comprises of two fundamental parts – a moving structure (Natya mandapa), and get together corridor (Jaganmohan) with pidha deula rooftop on a similar stage as the remaining parts of the holy place’s Rekha deula tower. There’s likewise a different feasting corridor (bhoga mandapa) to one side of the intricate and two littler sanctuaries to the back.
The central passage prompts the move structure, monitored by two impressive stone lions pounding war elephants. The top of the structure never again remains. Be that as it may, it’s 16 unpredictably cut columns demonstrating move presents are a feature.
The crowd corridor is the most very much protected structure, and it commands the sanctuary complex. Its passage has been fixed, and the inside loaded up with sand to keep it from crumbling.
The crowd corridor and sanctuary structure the chariot, with the haggles cut on either side of its foundation. The wheels are no different size yet every ha various theme on it. The edges are embellished with nature scenes, while the emblems in the spokeshave ladies in most suggestive stances. Remarkably, the wheels work as sundials that can precisely figure the time.
An assortment of figures from the sanctuary is shown at the Konark Sun Temple Museum, worked by the Archeological Survey of India. It’s arranged toward the north of the sanctuary complex and is shut on Fridays. The passage charge is 10 rupees.
The rambling, scene class Konark Interpretation Center has five exhibitions with intuitive shows and sight and sound showcases. The displays are given to the history, culture, and engineering of Odisha, just as sun sanctuaries over the world. An intriguing film about the Konark Sun Temple is likewise screened in the assembly hall.
Each night at the front of the sanctuary complex, except when it’s coming down, a sound and light show portrays the authentic and strict hugeness of the Sun Temple. The first show begins at 6.30 p.m. from November to February, and 7.30 p.m. from March to October. The show can be seen again back at 7.30 p.m. from November to February, and later 8.20 p.m. from March to October. It runs for nearly 40 minutes and costs 50 rupees for every individual.
You’ll be furnished with remote earphones and can pick whether you need to hear the portrayal in English, Hindi, or Odia. The voice of Bollywood entertainer Kabir Bedi is utilized in the English adaptation, while on-screen character Shekhar Suman talks in Hindi. The Odia form highlights Odia on-screen character, Bijay Mohanty. Top-quality projectors, with best in class 3D projection mapping innovation, are utilized to extend pictures onto the landmark.
In case you’re keen on traditional Odissi move, don’t miss the Konark Festival, which is held at the sanctuary during the first seven day stretch of December every year. The International Sand Art Festival happens at Chandrabhaga seashore, close to the sanctuary, simultaneously as this celebration. There is another old-style music and move ceremony in Konark in late February.
Shockingly, the Sun Temple’s magnificence didn’t last. It fell into ruin and the monstrous Rekha deula tower that secured the hallowed place’s inward sanctum in the long run fallen. Even though the specific time and reason for the decimation stay obscure, there are a lot of hypotheses about it, for example, intrusion and cataclysmic event.
The sanctuary was last reported as being unblemished in the sixteenth century by Abul Fazal in his record of Emperor Akbar’s organization, Ain-I-Akbari. After 200 years, during the reign of the Marathas in Odisha in the eighteenth century, a Maratha heavenly man found the sanctuary relinquished and shrouded in abundance. The Marathas moved the sanctuary’s Aruna stambha (column with Aruna the charioteer situated on it) to the Lion’s Gate passageway of the Jagannath Temple in Puri.
English archaeologists got intrigued by the sanctuary in the nineteenth century, and they revealed and reestablished areas of it in the twentieth century. The Archeological Survey of India proceeded with the works after it took over duty regarding the sanctuary in 1932. The sanctuary was accordingly recorded as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. Another round of extensive rebuilding works initiated in 2012 and are continuous.
Availability to Konark Sun Temple
Bhubaneswar air terminal is one of the closest air terminals that are very much connected and has regular flights from all pieces of the nation. This air terminal is a ways off of 64 km from Konark.
The railroad stations nearest to Konark are there in the twin urban areas of Puri and Bhubaneswar.
A broad street organizes interfaces Konark with the remainder of India through National just as State Highways.