Man who served his nation like no one – Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya!

Madan Mohan

On 25th December 1861 out of an unassuming home in Allahabad was conceived Madan Mohan who might one day shake the establishments of the compelling British domain with his ethical quality and scholarly ability; who might restore the otherworldly and social legacy of India’s old civilisation; and who might be the vanguard of India’s social and political resurgence.

A doyen among writers, he altered various patriot Dailies and Weeklies and was Chairman of the Board of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946 and encouraged the dispatch of its Hindi version in 1936. A legitimate illuminating presence, he repudiated in 1911 his settled act of law at the Allahabad High Court and made plans to commit himself to the reason for training and social help in the custom of Sanyas. Be that as it may, when 177 political dissidents were sentenced to be hanged in the Chouri-Choura case in 1922, he argued their case in Allahabad High court and got 156 political dissidents vindicated.

A visionary educationist, he assembled Banaras Hindu University step by determined step “to progress and diffuse logical, specialized and proficient information” and “advance the structure of character in youth by making religion and morals an indispensable piece of training.” Pt. Malaviyaji was Vice-Chancellor of the University from 1919-1938 and from there on its Rector.

A recognized statesman, he battled for social, financial and political equity for Indians. Mahamana was chosen President of the Indian National Congress in 1909, 1918, 1932 and 1933 and worked with around 50 Congress Presidents during his lifetime. He was a Member of the Imperial Legislative Council/Assembly from 1910 to 1926. Pt. Malaviyaji took part in Gandhi’s Salt Satyagraha and sought capture. Alongside Mahatma Gandhi, he spoke to Indian National Congress at the Round Table Conference held in 1931 in London. During the Civil Disobedience Movement in India, he was captured twice.

A Member of the Industrial Commission (1916-18), Pt. Malaviyaji gave a contradicting note prosecuting the British monetary strategy towards India. In 1932 Pt. Malaviyaji propelled the All India Swadeshi Sangh and gave a declaration for “Purchase Indian” as a methods for facilitating India’s financial misery and lessening the destitution of the majority.

He worked relentlessly for advancing the uniformity of people, for the annihilation of distance and for cultivating collective harmony. He announced: “India isn’t a nation of the Hindus in particular. The nation can pick up quality and create itself just when the individuals of various networks live in common altruism and agreement.”

Pt. Malaviyaji promoted Truth Alone Triumphs (Mundaka Upanishad) and this was embraced as national aphorism when India turned into a Republic in 1950.

Pt. Malaviyaji’s goal was: ” I don’t want to lead, nor do I long for paradise or Moksha. I have yet one wish – to take birth over and over till I free individuals from their distress.”

Never has any man served his nation with such dedication and its kin with such magnanimity. Gandhiji suitably called Malaviyaji as ‘Devata Purush’ – godly man – and Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title “Mahamana” – “radiant personality, generous heart”.


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