75 years of Independence- 75 facts of India
India will celebrate its 75th Independence Day this year since 1947. Known for the world’s largest democracy, India is one of the most fascinating countries in the world with vibrant festivals and colorful traditions. There are more than 7 religions practiced in India with almost 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken as mother tongue. Each state of the country is unique in its culture, tradition, cuisine, and even dialects.
“India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grandmother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.”- Mark Twain.
As Indians are awesome so is our history. Here are 75 facts that make India truly incredible!
Sentinelese tribe: The unfriendliest island in the world is located in India.
You get money to keep mustaches: In some states, the police department gives mustache allowances to maintain mustaches.
Algebra, Trigonometry, and Calculus also originated in India. Quadratic Equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century.
The national song ‘Vande Mataram’ composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was indeed part of his novel Anandamath written in the 1880s.
The National Flag of India, by law, is to be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth of cotton or silk made popular by Mahatma Gandhi.
Bhikaji Rustom Cama was the first Indian who raised the flag on foreign soil.
Before 2002, normal citizens of India were not allowed to hoist the National Flag except on Independence Day and Republic Day.
India shares its Independence Day with five more countries, Bahrain, North Korea, South Korea, Congo, and Liechtenstein on August 15.
5000 years old, Varanasi is One of The Oldest Inhabited Places in the World.
A Meteor formed the Breathtaking Lonar Lake in Maharashtra.
The Only Country With a Bill of Rights for Cows.
The Tiny Village of Madhopatti is Called the ‘Officer’s Village of India’.
Indian National Kabaddi Team Has Won all World Cups.
The Number of People Travelling in the Indian Railways Every Day is Equal to the Population of Australia.
The Lifeline Express a.k.a the Jeevan Rekha Express is the world’s first hospital train taking its services ranging from surgeries to cancer treatment to remote villages.
The ‘Place Value System’ and the ‘Decimal System’ were developed in India in 100 B.C
The world’s first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects.
Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. According to his calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.
Martial Arts were first created in India and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.
Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
The Indian flag was first hoisted on August 7, 1906, in Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in (now) Kolkata and not on Aug 15th, 1947.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi broke a 26-year old tradition of not giving extempore speeches
Aamir Khan’s ‘Lagaan’ had the maximum number of British actors ever to be cast in a single movie in the history of Bollywood cinema.
Tom Cruise was the original choice for Shahrukh Khan’s role in ‘Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge’.
‘Mughal-E-Azam was a trilingual movie – with all scenes shot thrice in Hindi, Tamil & English.
‘Kaho Naa… Pyar Hai’ was added to the Guinness Book of World Records 2002 edition for winning the most number of awards for a movie.
Indians buy 2.7 billion movie tickets annually, the highest in the world.
Raj Kapoor’s Awara (1951) not only signaled a change in the grammar of film-making but also brought India prominently on the world map.
Raj Kapoor’s Shree 420 (1955) remains his most socially significant comedy to date. It was a tremendous hit in India and overseas, especially in Russia, Egypt, Middle East, etc. “Ichak dana…” and “Mera joota hai japani…’ were rewritten in the languages of various countries and sung as local songs.
Mother India was nominated for the Oscar as the best foreign film but it lost to Fellini’s Nights of Caberia (1957) by a single vote.
Guide (1965) was made in two versions – an English version in collaboration with Pearl S. Buck and directed by Ted Danielewski and the Hindi version directed by Dev Anand’s younger brother Vijay Anand.
Contrary to popular belief Pingali Venkayya is not the man behind the Indian flag.
India has a reputation for being peace-loving and in her 10,000 years of history, India never invaded any country.
India was the only source of diamonds in the world up to the 18th century.
Indians were pioneers in Plastic surgery.
India’s most important historical fact is that it has the oldest ancient civilization in the world i.e the Indus Valley Civilisation.
India has its version of the Illuminati known as Ashoka’s ‘Nine Unknown Men’.
The World’s First Airmail Took Place In India.
Asia’s Largest Wholesale Spices market is in Khari Baoli, Old Delhi.
Dr. Y. G. Parameshwara was The First Indian Blind Doctor.
As per records released by The Guinness Book Of World Records, India is third in terms of the number of records claimed every year in the world. The first two are the USA and UK.
Residents of some villages in India still solely rely on Sanskrit to communicate with each other.
India’s only female prime minister was assassinated.
Mother Teresa’s sari is still symbolic.
The country is third in the world for billionaires.
In India, there isn’t one national language- the constitution states there are 23 official languages.
The sari is over 5000 years old.
Emerging as one of the fastest-growing major economies in the world, India is expected to be one of the top 3 economic powers in 10-15 years.
The Indian rupee is a closed currency- there are harsh restrictions on bringing the currency in and out of the country.
Roughly 67 percent of the world’s outsourcing is done in India. The Indian IT industry is valued at US 150- billion.
Chicken tikka masala has become one of Britain’s national dishes- some say it has overtaken Fish and Chips.
White tigers are only found here.
Mahatma Gandhi was never accorded the ‘Father of the Nation’ title by the Government of India and no rule or ordinance was ever passed in this regard.
‘Corona Devi’ idol was set up in Coimbatore Temple to protect people from the Covid-19 pandemic.
A 16-year-old boy Prathamesh Jaju has clicked the clearest picture of the moon by combining more than 50,000 pictures of the moon.
The Siachen glacier, in northern Kashmir, is regarded as the world’s highest battlefield. India and Pakistan both claim the area and have thousands of soldiers stationed there.
The fastest 400m in roller skates blindfolded (female) is 51.25 seconds achieved by Ojal Sunil Nalavadi in Hubballi, Karnataka, India, on 14th November 2019.
Bahubali- the Beginning is the only non-English film to be played at Royal Albert Hall in London ever since its inauguration 148 years ago.
The Rebroadcast of Ramayana on Doordarshan has smashed viewership records worldwide. The show becomes the most-watched entertainment show in the world with 7.7 crore viewers on the 16th of April.
Prahlad Jani, also known as Mataji or Chunriwala Mataji (13 August 1929 ― 26 May 2020) was an Indian breatharian monk who claimed to have lived without food and water since 1940.
The Tehri Dam is the highest dam in India and one of the highest in the world.
Pakkirappa Hunagundi, 30 years old from Karnataka is suffering from Pica condition. He only eats mud, rocks, and bricks instead of food!
In 1994, Sushmita Sen won the Miss Universe title and became the first Indian woman ever to win the Miss Universe crown.
With an area of 45,674 km square, Kutch is the largest district in India.
Howrah station is one of the busiest railway stations with 23 platforms and 26 tracks.
Feroz shah stadium in Delhi is the second oldest international cricket stadium after Eden Gardens in Kolkata.
It is illegal for a child in India to neglect their parents after retirement.
Pune has now become Maharashtra’s largest City geographically surpassing Mumbai.
Bengali is the most spoken language in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
A Dravidian language family is 4500 years old and is spoken over by 220 million people.
Suchindram temple is unique in the whole of India in respect to the fact that is dedicated to the Trimurthis- Brahma, Vishnu & Shiva represented by one image or Linga in the sanctum and is called Thanumalayan.
The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra.
The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH.
For the first time, India discovered that there is water on the moon. The Indian Space Research Organisation’s lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1 detected water using a Moon Mineralogy Mapper.
Shakuntala Devi, who was nicknamed ‘the human calculator’ is from India.