Gol Gumbaz – The Crypt of Mohammed Adil Shah!
The horizon of Bijapur, a community in north Karnataka, is commanded by India’s biggest out of date vault that is known as the Gol Gumbaz. The name discovers its foundations from the words Gola Gummata meaning round vault. The grand structure is a sepulchre of Mohammed Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur and the seventh leader of the Adil Shahi line.
The dim basalt structure sits gladly in a wonderful and very much kept up complex around 2 Km from the city of Bijapur, the recent capital of the Adil Shahi rulers. One of the most striking and great illustrious tombs to be worked in India, it is apropos known as the Taj Mahal of South India.
Gol Gumbaz is a tomb of Adil Shah in Bijapur, Karnataka. Its round vault is said to be the second biggest on the planet after St.Peter’s Basilica in Rome. A claim to fame is that the focal vault remains with no column support. Mohammed Adil Shah, the seventh leader of Adil Shahi Dynasty, requested to construct this tomb before his demise. The straightforward and rich plan of Gol Gumbaz still stays a building miracle of Bijapur Sultanate.
The acoustics of ‘Murmuring Gallery’ is simply astonishing, even a little stable can be heard on the opposite side of the catacomb. The four corners of the structure have 7 stunning towers, with staircases inside. One finds a good pace lovely view from these minars. The graves of Adil Shah, his spouses and a couple of other relatives can be found inside the structure.
History of Gol Gumbaz:
The horizon of Bijapur, a community in north Karnataka, is commanded by India’s biggest out of date vault that is known as the Gol Gumbaz. The name discovers its foundations from the words Gola Gummata meaning roundabout vault. The grand structure is a catacomb of Mohammed Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur and the seventh leader of the Adil Shahi line.
The dim basalt structure sits gladly in an excellent and all around kept up complex around 2 Km from the city of Bijapur, the recent capital of the Adil Shahi rulers. One of the most striking and fantastic illustrious tombs to be worked in India, it is suitably known as the Taj Mahal of South India.
Design, Architecture & Structure of Gol Gumbaz:
The Gol Gumbaz, otherwise called Gol Gumbadh, was planned by a planner named Yaqut of Dabul. Dabul, otherwise called Dabhol, is a little seaport town in Ratnagiri District, Maharashtra, India. The catacomb has been worked in dull dim Basalt stone and the veneer is enlivened with mortar. It is lived together in a complex with different structures like a dharamshala (a basic motel), a mosque and different structures alongside a wonderful, all-around looked after nursery.
The engineering style of the structure is Deccan Indo-Islamic which is ideal conjunction of Indo-Islamic and Dravidian design. Deccan rulers delivered their very own freestyle, to a great extent disregarding the locally prevalent structural styles and, were essentially impacted by the Persian and Mughal compositional subtleties.
The tomb is a monster 3D square bested with a hemispherical arch. The whole structure is fitted on a 600 feet platform. The vault is the second biggest on the planet, with a distance across of just about 600 feet, next just to St. Dwindle’s Basillica in Rome. It is one of the biggest single structure chambers on the planet, and the space it encases (very nearly 1700 sq.meters) is the biggest on the planet secured by a solitary vault.
Lovely petals covering the drum are cut at its base. Staircases in the dividers of the principle building lead to the seven-story octagonal pinnacle at every one of the four corners. Every story has seven curved windows and all are topped by littler vaults. The seven stories of the towers are delineated by an anticipating cornice and a line of angled openings denoting each level.
A wide eighth story display, available by twisting staircases in the four towers, circles the vault and hangs out at around 3.3 m. This exhibition is an acoustic wonder and is known as the “Murmuring Gallery”. An excellent bit of structural designing, this stunning reverberation framework mirrors any solid for more than multiple times. It has been structured so that one can even hear the faintest tick of a watch over separation of around 37 meters inside the tremendous arch.
The establishment of the tomb is developed to lay on the bedrock which was attempted to forestall any inconsistent settlement. One of a kind design normal for the structure is the utilization of pendentives (groined compartments) to neutralize the external push of the arch and has not been utilized anyplace else in India. Utilization of such smart structures shows the modernity of the design of the period. The pendentives have a huge focal curve, bested by a cornice of dark basalt further delegated by a column of little curves conveying a second line of plain work holding a balustrade of 1.8 m height over it.
The engravings over the south and primary opening notice the date of Muhammad Adil Shah’s passing as 4 November 1656. A ‘bijlipathar’ hangs over the primary passage. It is a shooting star that had fallen during the Sultan’s standard and is accepted to shield the stone from lightning. The principle catacomb corridor houses a square platform with steps on each of the four sides. In the centre is the cenotaph, set apart by an expand wooden baldachin, the specific area of the grave of the Sultan is shown.
A Nakkar Khana or the music display misleads the south side, incomplete, as the minars were never stretched out over the roofline. It presently houses a gallery.