India’s 1st Vertical Lift Sea Bridge- Pamban Bridge

Pamban Bridge

India gets its first vertical railway lift sea bridge easing the to and forth journey from Rameshwaram. The bridge is expected to get ready by 2022. Recently Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw shared stunning images of the Pamban Bridge in Rameshwaram. The 2-kilometer long Pamban Bridge links the island of Rameshwaram in the Arabian sea with the mainland in Tamil Nadu. It will have a 63-meter stretch that will lift vertically for ships to pass by easily.

“New Pamban Bridge, India’s first vertical lift Railway sea bridge,” the Railway Minister wrote on Twitter, adding, “Target #Infra4India March 2022.”

The first vertical railway lift sea bridge started construction in November 2019 and is expected to complete by March 2022.

The Pamban Bridge will make it easier for pilgrims and goods transportation from Rameshwaram. The island of Rameshwaram holds a very significant place for the spiritual beliefs of the citizens due to the Ramanathaswamy temple. Up until now, the island was connected with a 108 years old Pamban Bridge that started operating back in 1914, which was the countries longest and first sea bridge prior to the Bandra-Worli Sea Link.

The bridge works on Scherzer rolling lift model that helps it to lift at 90 degrees to allows commuting of trains and ships. Just like the old bridge that lifts horizontally, the new one will lift vertically at a 63-meter section. It will be done by using sensors at both ends. The new Pamban Bridge will be 3 meters higher than the old one and will constitute 101 piers to provide navigational air clearance spots for large ships. Unlike the old bridge, the new one has a single girder.

The construction of the Pamban Bridge began on November 9, 2019, after Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone in March the same year. The new bridge is being built at an estimated cost of Rs. 250 crore and will help the national transportation of trains at higher speeds, carry more weight and increase the volume of traffic.

Pamban Bridge

Being developed by Railway Vikas Nigam Limited, the bridge will run on electro-mechanical systems that will be linked with Railways train control system. The substructure and navigational line are constructed to consist of a double line track which is made of stainless steel.

The new Pamban Bridge will definitely boost the tourism of the place as thousands of devotees visit Rameshwaram for pilgrimage.

The Railway Ministry called it an engineering Marvel,“This dual-track state-of-the-art bridge will be the country’s first vertical lift railway sea bridge and is expected to be completed by March 2022.”


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