Democracy and discrimination- what’s inside Article 15?
India is the largest democracy of the world and seeks to look after the benefits of its people. It has a detailed constitution with its fundamental features. It has a detailed comprehension of the rights for its citizens and systematic line of action for the functioning of the democratic government. As a free democracy and advocate of citizen empowerment, India ensures a set of rights considered crucial to the preserve human dignity. The Fundamental Rights, as written in the Constitution, ensures an equal and a fair treatment of the people before law.
DISCRIMINATION IN INDIA
India has several discrimination problem as casteism, racism, gender discrimination, religious discrimination etc. Casteism defines as prejudice on the grounds of caste. We already know what caste system is and how much hatred is being spilt in the name of reservation without knowing about the motto behind it. The most vulnerable groups that falls into it are SC and ST. who still suffers from social discrimination so much, that even today after 68 years of Independence- the upper caste denies their home on lease to Dalit families. Many temples didn’t still allow lower caste to enter. Every year there are almost 20% enormities against Dalit and the Tribals. The other thing is Religious discrimination. Maybe, we should not label it as a discrimination but rather it’s a hatred which people possess for each other.
ARTICLE 15, THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA, 1949
Article 15 includes Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. Under the article 15 of the constitution, every citizen of India is equal by religion, caste, ethnicity or sex.
This article further has 5 sub sections which are as follows:
No citizen should be discriminated on the grounds of gender, caste, religion, ethnicity, color or place of birth.
On the above mentioned grounds, no citizen should be subjected to any disability, restriction or condition with regard to :
a) Access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and spots of public entertainment.
b) The use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public entertainment wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public transport and properties.
3. anything contained in the article cannot prevent the state for making any provisions for women and children.
4. Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of Article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special amendment for the benefit of any socially and educationally backward society or for the scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
5. Such special provisions relate to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State, other than the minority educational institutions referred to in clause (1) of article 30.
DEMOCRACY BRINGS EQUALITY
Equality is a required element for all healthy democracies in the world. Any honest democracy never works without equality or equalitarian in front of law or in the constitution, and in obviously in the society.
For any society to be successful and progress there is huge need of equality. It is the democracy which makes a sweeper equally participative in the society as the Google employee. It is the democracy which defines every person equal in front of law. It is the democracy which gives freedom of adaptability and which makes the task such as cleaning shoes to working in NASA equally important. Their occupation might be different, their castes might be different, their society might be different, but the beauty of democracy is that, all of them has a right to vote.