World No-Tobacco Day
Every year, on 31 May, the World Health Organization (WHO) and global partners celebrate World No Tobacco Day (WNTD). The annual campaign is an opportunity to raise awareness on the harmful and deadly effects of tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure, and to discourage the use of tobacco in any form. The focus of no tobacco day 2019 will be “Tobacco and Lung Health”
The focus of World No Tobacco Day 2019 is on “Tobacco and Lung Health”
The campaign will increase awareness on :
– the negative impact that tobacco has on people’s lung health, from cancer to chronic respiratory disease,
– the fundamental role lungs play for the health and well-being of all people.
The campaign also serves as a call to action, advocating for effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption and engaging stakeholders across multiple sectors in the fight for tobacco control.
Health hazards of tobacco :
Tobacco has many negative impact on our health like it grows your risk of age related macular degeneration which leads to blindness. Smoking contributes to type 2 diabetes and increases the risk of complications from the disease including poor blood flow to legs and feet. This can lead to infection and result in the need to amputate a limb. The negative impact that tobacco has is on people’s lung health, from cancer to chronic respiratory diseases and to even more extreme consequences. Smoking also causes tuberculosis, which damages the lungs and reduces lung function. About one quarter of the world’s population has latent TB, placing them at risk of developing the active disease. People who smoke are twice as likely to fall ill with TB. Active TB, compounded by the damaging lung health effects of tobacco smoking, substantially increases risk of disability and death from respiratory failure. Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening reproductive complication in women that is more likely in smokers. It occurs when a fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus. The birth defects commonly known as orofacial clefts, occurs when babies lip or mouth doesn’t develop completely. This defect is mostly found when the mother continues smoking during pregnancy. Apart from these things, smoking shortens male smoker’s lives by about 12 years and female smoker’s lives by about 11 years! Cigarette smokers die younger than non-smokers. One interesting fact about tobacco is that even the non-smokers are affected by it, if a person is standing next to the person who is smoking, the chance of developing cancer remains the same in both. So it is evident that no one, literally no one is safe from this jeopardy of tobacco.
There are many ways to control the negative effects of tobacco but the most effective one is to reduce second hand smoking. So the 2019 theme will be improving lung health by providing knowledge to the people about the health risks of tobacco more deeply and let them explore the various possibilities of rehabilitation. It also aims on informing people about the magnitude of tobacco risk on lung health and also various chronic respiratory problems. Implications of second hand exposure for lung health to all age groups. Feasible actions and measures that key audiences, including the public and governments, can take to reduce the risks to lung health posed by tobacco.
Tobacco smoke has major implications for the lung health of smokers and non-smokers globally, so controlling it all of a sudden might not be able to eradicate the risk completely because the air pollution caused by smoke will only disappear with time. It’s not that stopping tobacco all of the sudden is not beneficial but the harmful effects remains for at least a week which is a very short duration of time of course, thus when we are refereeing to the people globally- it is important to keep every aspect in mind. Thus, call for action includes awareness on individual levels as well as inter knowledge exchange among the peer society. Companies, government, investors and people- all have to work together in controlling the risks and strengthen the implementation of the proven MPOWER tobacco control measures contained in the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control. It is imperative that the social barriers be penetrated and all sections of the society are made aware of the evils of tobacco.